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Home > Escape routes > Weichsel to Oder

Weichsel to Oder

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The first thing I bring is a map where the escape stations from Marienburg to Kolberg are entered.




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Secondly comes "Ostsee-Küste Kolberg - Danzig" (Baltic coast Kolberg - Danzig), von (from) 1910.

It is the above map, only without the entries of the escape stations, but of better quality.

With this map one has to notice that there are two systems of meridians given. Once there is "Östl. Länge von Paris" (East longitude from Paris) and as second system the system "Östl. Länge v. Greenwich" (East longitude from Greenwich); so one really has to watch with the data at the upper and lower margin.

Only the vertical gridlines of the Paris system are given, of the Greenwich system only the data are entered, no gridlines.

For example:
The sixteenth meridian in the Paris system is portrayed like this: "16".
The sixteenth meridian in the Greenwich system however like this: "1|6". The vertical line between the 1 and the 6 is therefore the position of the degree of longitude, but below and above there is no gridline.

On this map one can see the Westernplatte north of Danzig, where the Second World War began.




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As the next thing I bring a map of the province Pomerania, from 1905.

On this map Mecklenburg is shown on the left and that is to the very left with yellow borders, that is Mecklenburg-Schwerin, and to the east of it, with blue borders, that is Mecklenburg-Strelitz. That one can see on the maps Deutsches Reich 1871 - 1918 and Weimarer Republik / Drittes Reich. On the 09.03.1945 we have crossed this border, when we travelled from Altentreptow to Neubrandenburg. And that was the border from the land Prussia, province Pomerania, with the reddish border, to the land Mecklenburg-Strelitz, with the blue border. And on the 13.03.1945 we travelled from Mirow to Wipperow. And that was the border from land Mecklenburg-Strelitz, with the blue border, to the land Mecklendburg-Schwerin, with the yellow border. And on the 17.03.1945 we travelled from Wredenhagen to Wittstock. And that from the land Mecklenburg-Schwerin again to the land Prussia, but in the province Brandenburg. And on the 21.03.1945 we then went over the Elbe River near Wittenberge, and that was from the province Brandenburg, in Prussia, to the province Sachsen, in Prussia. And on the 25.03.1945 we then went from Mellin to Voitze, and that was from the province Sachsen, in Prussia, to the province Hannover, in Prussia.

On our escape we came through 6 provinces of the land Prussia and also still through two other lands of the German Empire.

Perhaps even through a fourth land, Braunschweig.




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The following map shows the escape stations from Zanow to Wollin.



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The following map shows the escape stations from Timmenhagen to Glansee.

The place names Stöckow and Zernin and Gützlaffshagen are encircled in red. The trek from Reichertswalde came through these places. In the place Zernin the trek from Reichertswalde stayed overnight from the 15.02.1945 to the 16.02.1945 and in the place Gützlaffshagen from the 16.02.1945 to the 17.02.1945.



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The following map shows the escape stations from Kolberg to Zapplin.

The place name Gützlaffshagen is encircled in red. In that place the trek from Reichertswalde stayed overnight form the 16.02.1945 to the 17.02.1945.

The trek from Kranthau stayed overnight in Glansee, which lies directly next to Gützlaffshagen, on the other side of the road, in the two nights from the 25.02.1945 to the 27.02.1945, therefore 10 days later.

At this location, Glansee/Gützlaffshagen, the escape routes of these two treks crossed. The trek from Reichertswalde carried then on more in direction south, while the trek from Kranthau then kept more towards the north; the way over Stettin, which the trek from Reichertswalde took, was no longer really free, and that is why the route via the islands Wollin and Usedom was taken.

Our routes had already once crossed, in Köslin. In the night from the 14. to the 15.02.1945 the trek from Reichertswald was in Köslin. We travelled through that place on the 23.02.1945, 8 days later.

Our routes then crossed a third time in Neutstrelitz. The Reichertswalde trek stayed there overnight in the night from the 01.03.1945 to the 02.03.1945 and then carried on in a more northern direction, direction Schleswig-Holstein, while we came through Neustrelitz on the 10.03.1945, therefore 8 days later, and then drove on in a more southern direction, direction Hannover.

Those from Reichertswalde travelled from Neustrelitz passing the Müritz to the north, through Waren, and we south of the Müritz, through Röbel.




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The following map shows Stresow and Cammin and Düssin.




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Now comes a map of the island Wollin.




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And now a map of the islands Wollin and Usedom and with the entries of the escape stations.




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The next map shows the bridges of Usedom and Wollin.




So we crossed the Oder River at three places.

On the 3rd of March we set off east of the Oder in the morning from Kunow, to Hagen, and from Hagen over the "Dievenowbrücke Wollin", about 10 o’clock, therefore over the Dievenow, to the town of Wollin, on the island of Wollin, and then further to Pritter.

On Sunday, the 4th of March 1945 we carried on from Pritter. 2 km before Swinemünde stop at 9 o’clock. Stood 8 hours directly on one place. "In spite of it only being 10 - 15 minutes on foot to the ferry, it lasted until ½ 1 o’clock at night until it was our turn. Then 22 wagons to "Alte Fähre" (Old Ferry) = railway ferry. Crossing = c. 5 minutes! But, until driven on and driven off, it lasted 1 hour, therefore until ½ 2 o’clock at night."

The crossing on the ferry was then therefore on Monday, the 5th of March 1945.

And what was crossed there, was the Swine. I assume that is the main arm of the Oder River in the delta area. And the Swine gives the town Swinemünde the name. And the town Swinemünde lies on both sides of the Swine, on Wollin and on Usedom.

From Swinemünde, where we stayed overnight on the waggon, we carried on to Dargen on Usedom. From there through the town Usedom to Zecherin, close before the big bridge.

On Tuesday the 6.03.1945 we set off at 9 o’clock from Zechering on Usedom, immediately over the big Oder Bridge – that is what it says in escape diary – to the mainland and then further to Anklam and then Postlow and there overnight.

The name of this second bridge seems to be "Zecheriner Brücke". The name of the first bridge is "Dievenowbrücke Wollin".

And what crossed the second bridge seems to be the Peene, or the "Peene-Strom."

The Peene flows into the Oder River, or the into the Peene-Strom, shortly stream upwards from the Zecheriner Bridge.

And at the end of the Peene, or of the Peene-Strom, is Peenemünde, which became known through the rockets.

I have once been in the harbour of Malchin, and therefore the Peene is navigable at least to Malchin.



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